Curbing the rise of terrorism and militant groups including Boko Haram and Al Shabaab
The jihadist group known as Boko Haram began its bloody insurgency in northeastern Nigeria in 2009, but it has since spread into neighboring Niger, Chad and Cameroon, prompting a regional military response. Tens of thousands of people have been killed and two million others displaced, sparking a dire humanitarian crisis in the region. Over these years, all national and multinational efforts have been ineffective and unsuccessful in ousting this group completely, for its atrocities continue to run rampant to this day. Moreover, political friction and economic instability have hindered the response to Boko Haram.
Similarly, the security situation in Somalia remains volatile, and Al-Shabaab remains the main threat to the country’s security. Al Shabaab regularly carries out deadly attacks on civilians, from executions to blasts. While missions such as AMISOM and UNSOM have been mandated in Somalia, the humanitarian situation has not shown much sign of improvement, and armed groups such as Al Shabaab and many others continue to operate freely.
In these dark times, it is up to you, the delegates of the African Union, to discuss and warrant solutions and strategies to counter such militant groups and re establish peace in these regions.
Addressing the security of populations affected by instability in Central and Northern Africa
Across North Africa, instability is at its highest level since 2011. Four of five governments in the troubled region have been forced out of power. As long standing regimes such as those of Libya and Algeria fall , the resulting political vacuums and power struggles are creating security challenges that could undermine internal efforts to promote reform. Weak or non existent government institutions are being exploited by terrorists, human traffickers and criminals. Innocent citizens are subjected to degrading violence and treatment.
In Central Africa, poverty, corruption, repression, violence and ethnic tension plague the Congo and Central African Republic, resulting in severely worsening humanitarian, human rights, and security crises.
The African Union is tasked with the responsibility of ensuring the security of the vulnerable civilians in these regions. It should also make efforts to end the ongoing violence and political crisis.